Oriental Fire-Bellied Toads
Tank Size- For fire-bellied toads, They don't need a ton of space, but enough to not
feel crowded. I think about each frog needs about 5 gallons each. So 2 frogs in a 10 gallon, 3 in a 15 gallon, 4 in a 20 gallon,
etc. This size allows the frogs with enough room to be comfortable. Long style tanks are also better than regular style tanks
and much better than tall tanks for fire-bellied toads.
Food- These frogs eat mainly small insects. Their diet includes crickets, wax worms,
small earthworms, small mealworms (sparingly), and some smaller frogs will eat fruit flies. The staple diet for the frogs
should be crickets, with the other foods used every once in a while to add variety.
Temperature and Lighting- Like most frogs, fire-bellies need a temp. from around 74-78*f
to maintain good health. They also can hold out in much cooler temps. in the winter. In the winter time, temperatures can
go into the high 60s. For my tank, I don't use very elaborate lighting, but just basic 15 watt bulbs to provide lighting.
If you hade live plants in the tank, you may want to add a plant grow bulb for their helath.
Humidity- For this species, humidity isn't as important as other parts of the tank.
My humidity stays around 60-70%, I think.
Tank Decor- In my tank, I have a half water, half land tank set-up. I have a siliconed
plastic divider in the middle of the tank that is sloped to allow easy entrance and exit from the water. I also have fake
plants in the land area and a few on the water area. The water area is just a gravel bottom. The land area has a layer of
gravel, then a soil, then a layer of thick moss. A filter is also important in the water area, so that the water stays
clean, because these frogs excrete a toxin that has been noted to build up in the water, so frequent water changes are necessary.
Breeding- To breed these frogs successfully in captivity, a cooling period is needed
to simulate the winter over in the Asian rice fields. Some people put their toads in the refridgerater to make them cool enough.
Ideal cooling temps. would be around 56-59*F, as these frogs come from a colder climate. During this time, do not feed the
frogs as much as usual. After cooling for a few months, they need to be warmed back up and feed them heavily. A
rain chamber may be needed to simulate a rainy season. These frogs lay their eggs across the water and many adults will try
to eat the eggs very fast, so try to remove the eggs rather quickly.
Tadpoles-The tadpoles of this species should be kept at around 75-78*F. Like most
frogs, they should develop in about a month's time. While they are still in the water, they should be fed tropical fish foods,
algae pellets, and blood worms.